Wall Art Painting in the Interior
Wall painting is aesthetically pleasing and eye-catching. Every artist’s work is unique.
Murals can be classified according to
— technique: wall painting with airbrush or brushes
— materials: acrylic, oil or luminous paints
— the degree of detail:
1) patterns and ornaments on the walls;
2) two-dimensional background paintings with few details and large whole-color fills;
3) landscape paintings with the effect of perspective and the depth of the image;
4) a false painting which simulates reality depicts realistic objects.
How Much a Wall Painting Costs
The price on a wall painting depends on the complexity of the project’s general idea and the cost of the selected materials.
False painting is the most difficult task for an artist and requires a lot of time and skill. Acrylic and oil paints are used in false painting.
If appropriate, art painting can be combined with a relief to give volume to the elements in the foreground.
Wall painting with airbrush is often used for gradient painting on large surfaces. Stencil technique makes painting walls with the airbrush easier. For aerography, solvent and acrylic paints are used.
Detailed and spectacular airbrush painting requires synthetic solvents-based paints. They are bright, covering and fast-drying. Background airbrush wall painting is made with acrylic paint.
A luminous painting on walls, ceiling and floor decorates the room in the daytime the way paintings without fluorescent and luminescent materials do. However, it burns in the UV light and shimmers mysteriously in the darkness. The price for a luminous wall painting depends a lot on the degree of painting design for all three lighting options: in the light, in the dark, and in the UV light. There is a large variety of luminous paints. Paints for a luminous wall painting cost about 10 times more than other art paints.
To calculate the cost of the wall painting you need to find out what kind of painting you want to see in your home and choose from a variety of price options. The final price for the wall painting is usually determined only upon finishing of the sketch.
Do It Yourself: How to Make a Wall Painting
Begin by preparing the surface. Remove the old paint, skimcoat and prime the wall. Now it is ready for the sketch.
If you find it difficult to draw directly on the wall, you can first try drawing on paper of the appropriate size. You can also customize the printed out drawing to the target size. To transfer the sketch from the paper to the wall, you need to smudge the backside of the drawing with charcoal, attach it to the wall and run a contour using something not sharp. After the sketch is made, you prime the wall once again.
Painting the walls yourself will require a lot of patience and assiduity. Get prepared to work layer by layer. Most likely you will need to cover the entire wall with paint at least three times. You will be using brushes of different sizes and not a paint roller. The right way to make a wall painting is the following:
— first, you need to make the main background strokes. At this stage, you need to define the tones and colors of the painting. Objects in the foreground should be denser in tone and richer in color;
— then model volume using a tonal gradient to stress the light and shadow and show overtones and reflections. It is time to show the light source in the picture so that all objects and characters were lit on one side;
— you finish by drawing in fine details, twigs, stamens, pupils, eyelashes, beaks and so on. As a result, you get the whole picture with 3D objects.
If you prefer to make a wall painting by yourself, you need to choose the right material. There are different materials for art painting, of which the most popular are oil and acrylic paints. Oil paints are easier to correct. You can easily remove them from the wall with a cloth if you do not like the result. False painting is usually made with oil paints because they allow a better modeling. But they need a specific technique of application; solvents and varnishes for oil paints have a very distinctive smell; they take a long time to dry and are easy to blur. To detail the pattern over the first layer, you must wait until it dries. That is why artists mostly use acrylic paints today. Acrylic paints dry in half an hour and have almost no smell. The result is visible immediately. But it is almost impossible to make a smooth tonal gradient because they dry quickly. It is difficult to strike a right tone and color of the painted fragment as the colors darken or lighten after drying depending on the pigment and the background color. It is impossible to modify the painted fragments, and you can only paint them over after 5 minutes.
How to make an acrylic wall painting? It is handy to knead main colors in different jars and then slightly modify them on the palette through adding other colors or making them darker or lighter. This will save your time for kneading the same color, for example, when you want to draw a tree or a sail. You can use dishes as a palette – later it will be easy to clean the dried paint off. Use synthetic brushes, flat ones with a rounded edge for large spots and thin round brushes for thin lines.
Go ahead! And be patient.
Plaster Relief on the Wall
You can find stucco reliefs in the interiors and exteriors of all architectural styles up to the age of utilitarianism. Medieval chimeras, baroque cupids and vases, modern strict geometrized faces and plants adorn the facades of architectural attractions of old towns.
Bas-relief is an ancient art. As well as paintings, reliefs first appeared in the interiors of a caveman. In modern history, reliefs and murals were present in homes of both common people and nobles. Simple houses were decorated with stucco elements around windows and relief painting on the wall using the technique of painting on fresh plaster with fingers. Rich houses were decorated with elaborate stucco décor covering walls, ceiling and adjoining surfaces performed by sculptors and craftsmen.
Modern 3D drawings on the walls usually do not belong to a particular style. They either reproduce nature or copy images of the past, or tend to vagueness and abstractedness like 3D panels do. A plaster relief on the wall can either be made by casting and have an infinite number of copies or be an original one.
There are several techniques for making a relief on the wall:
— carving a pattern on the finished wall with chisels and power tools the way a sculptor carves stone;
— molding layers on the wall, adjusting them one by one;
— making a bas-relief, making a cast and then making a large number of copies to wall mount them with glue and screws.
How to Make a Relief on the Wall
The least energy-consuming and cheapest way of making a relief is the second technique of handmade molding on the wall. You will need plaster for walls, white craft glue, water and chisels, palette knives, and sandpaper with different grit size.
Prepare the surface carefully, make it firm and well-primed. The firmer and more durable it is the better. After all, a good wall is the basis for a relief.
First, make a sketch of your future wall relief. Then knead plaster with glue and water to make the paste and use it for creating a relief painting on the wall. Do not knead a lot of plaster at once because it will start hardening after 30-50 minutes.
You can also make a 3D painting using a stencil-plate by fixing it on the wall and applying a thin layer of plaster with a spatula. Then you have to remove the stencil carefully, wait until plaster freezes and correct the wrong elements with a knife, stencil or chisel. You can also make a wall relief by stamping different objects like shells, leaves and textured fabrics on freshly applied plaster.
Then you prime and paint the plaster relief with a regular acrylic washable paint or decorative wall paint. You can use brush, airbrush and spray gun for coloring the relief.
You can also paint it over with acrylic or oil paints. When illuminated, a 3D image gives an additional effect to the painting.
Consider the lighting when working on a wall bas-relief. A plaster relief on the wall looks different depending on the lighting whether it is spotlighting, diffused artificial light or daylight. Spotlighting adds magic and sparkle to a bas-relief. To provide the best combination of the backlight and a relief it is better to mount the lights beforehand.